Reliable legal services on issues such as the protection of civil rights, the enforcement of civil obligations, the performance of an obligation in a proper manner with according to law is an important condition.
In accordance with the legislation, civil obligations can be secured by a pledge, a forfeit, property of the debtor, a guarantee or other means provided for by the contract. These methods of provision are governed by civil law.
Obligation law is one of the broadest areas of civil law. According to the Civil Code, under an obligation one person (debtor) is obliged to perform a certain action in favor of another person (creditor), such as paying money, transferring property, performing work, rendering services, etc., or evading a certain action, and the creditor has the right to demand that the debtor fulfill his duties. Depending on its content and nature, an obligation may impose on each of the parties either during the contractual relationship, or after such a relationship, the obligation to take special care of the rights and property of the other party.
The enforcement of obligations may be secured by pledge, forfeit, transfer of the debtor's property, surety, guarantee, deposit and other methods provided for by this Code or contract. The invalidity of the agreement on the enforcement of the obligation does not entail the invalidity of the primary obligation. The invalidity of the main obligation entails the invalidity of the obligation ensuring it.
The concept of default
The default of an obligation means its violation or improper performance (failure to fulfill on time, performance with defects in goods, works and services or in violation of other conditions determined by the content of the obligation).
The debtor who has not fulfilled the obligation is obliged to compensate for the losses caused to the creditor. This rule does not apply if the debtor is not liable for the violation of the obligation.
Fulfillment of the obligation in kind
In the case of improper fulfillment of the obligation, payment of the penalty and damages do not exempt the debtor from the execution of the obligation in kind.
As stated in Article 450 of the Gradlan Code, in case of failure to fulfill the obligation, compensation for losses and payment of the penalty for failure to execute shall release the debtor from the obligation in kind, unless otherwise provided by this Code or the contract.
Legal services related to the implementation of civil obligations
You can count on the specialized lawyers of the Legal Store company who will provide you with legal services related to the fulfillment of civil obligations. We provide our services to individuals and legal entities as soon as possible and in electronic form.